There are three options for casting sand: Flasks are what you put around the sand when your molding it. This is where you're going to be pouring the bronze in. An aside, but I would recommend finding a different example video for the furnace; I think I've only seen one video done by the King of Random where he didn't make a serious safety error. ... Deepeeka Celtic short sword. How is placing the tin in the crucible at the beginning working for you? I believe what the books were referring to was dissolved gasses in the metal. I'll look for a different tutorial and make a few edits with this in mind. They are riveted together with bronze rivets in a manner akin to originals. When you melt any metal, a certain amount of air will dissolve into it, which can be a problem when pouring as the metal cools, the gas comes out of solution, and the metal bubbles. As typical of the bronze swords of the Celts of this era, the blade is not straight but instead flairs in a sort of long leaf pattern. A celtic sword is approximately 30 inches in length with a 23 inch blade which is double edged and features a blood groove, the blood grove allows for more flexibility while maintaining its strength. They are as accurate, clean, and symmetrical as I could make them, and they *should* be to the correct scale if simply printed onto printer paper. Answer It'll be more expensive, but it'll save you time and is cheaper than buying copper and tin online and alloying it. Legacy Arms Celtic Sword: $245.00: In Stock. Angle the blade about 15 degrees toward the wall.  Pleiner also notes that metallurgical analysis performed on Celtic swords suggests that they were only work hardened and only very few were quench hardened, even though they frequently contain enough carbon to be hardened (in particular the swords made from Noric steel). November 2020. I see it said about 5 lbs of copper... How big of a crucible should I plan for? R. Chartrand, Magnus Magnusson, Ian Heath, Mark Harrison, Keith Durham, The Saga of the Ere-Dwellers, Chapter 44 - The Battle In Swanfirth, http://www.berkshirehistory.com/archaeology/iron_age_swords.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iron_Age_sword&oldid=992444417, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 08:43. Set your mold up as specified earlier. The ratio is, by weight, [EDIT: I had the wrong percentages the first time.] You are using 20% tin? They were about 50–60 cm in length, with a rarer "long" type in excess of 70 cm, in exceptional cases as long as 130 cm. The most common is the "long" sword, which usually has a stylised anthropomorphic hilt made from organic material, such as wood, bone, or horn. Bronze age sword. 83. Greensand: This is a great, cheap option for high quality results. Swords made of iron (as opposed to bronze) appear from the Early Iron Age (c. 12th century BC), but do not become widespread before the 8th century BC. Fantastic instructable! Always use proper tools. Sword handles - from France and Britain . Measurements: Overall length: 28 … the 6th century BC. ), --pine boards, one to be carved into the blank, possibly more if you don't want to buy a casting flask. Take a camera or smartphone, take pictures of the possible objects/their serial numbers if they exist, and look them up on the internet. It's fairly reasonably priced, but look up the prices online before you go. That seems on the long side for a bronze sword so I'm just checking. Tempering is heating the steel at a lower temperature after quenching to remove the brittleness, while keeping most of the hardness. Editing it now. The ancient world is our true passion. The idea here is to create the rough shape of the blade so you don't have to do as much carving later on. By quenching (making the steel hard and brittle) and tempering (removing the brittleness), swords could be made that would suffer much less damage, and would spring back into shape if bent. To judge from the swords examined in this survey, only one third could be described as conforming to the quality which he ascribed generally to Celtic swords. Roman carving showing a naked Celtic warrior This bronze sword is made after an original from the Villanova culture, approx. That is supposed to be 12%, not 20%--that was a huccup on my part. This Celtic bronze sword has a blade and a hilt cast from solid bronze. Before bronze, stone (flint, obsidian f.e.) The board should be about 6" wide, 1/2" thick, and 4' long. Petrobond: if you don't want to make greensand, buy some professionally mulled Petrobond for fantastic results! Another doubt I have is about the use of borax in the molten metal... is it necessary? http://www.bronze-age-swords.com/index.htm, Third Prize in the Maker Olympics Contest 2016. It helps a ton! In what archaeologists are calling the “find of a lifetime,” a horde of Late Bronze Age weapons has been discovered at a Scottish construction site. Knock the mold apart, keeping in mind that everything in it is still going to be very, very hot, and gaze on your new sword! Chinese steel swords make their appearance from the 5th century BC Warring States period, although earlier iron swords are also known from the Zhou dynasty. Celtic sword features. All of the older material I've read strongly warn about 'boiling' the bronze once it is alloyed, implying there will be structural issues with the alloy after casting if allowed to stay in a liquid state for too long. Plutarch, in his life of Marcus Furius Camillus, likewise reports on the inferiority of Gaulish iron, making the same claim that their swords bent easily. Buy welding gloves. If they mark it up several dollars...that's not. --welding gloves like these http://www.harborfreight.com/welding-gloves-39664.... --heavy, protective boots (So you don't, ya know, pour molten bronze on your foot).  In 1906 a scholar suggested that the Greek observers misunderstood ritual acts of sword-bending, which may have served to "decommission" the weapon. These swords also usually had an iron plate in front of the guard that was shaped to match the scabbard mouth. One of the most important, and longest-lasting, types of prehistoric European swords was the Naue II type, named for Julius Naue who first described them and also known as Griffzungenschwert or "grip-tongue sword". The second type is a “short” sword with either an abstract or a true anthropomorphic hilt of copper alloy, such as Bronze. Reproduction of a Celtic sword or a dagger with anthropoid hilt, discovered in 1902 at North Grimston (Ryedale district, North Yorkshire, UK). Check out his website here, and maybe buy something! The hilt represents the form of a person with the pommel being the head and is a distinctly Celtic design. Item # IP-084-2 This Celtic Anthromorphic Sword was created due to the popularity of Celtic reenactment. Using your tongs, pick up the crucible, lift it to the opening in the mold, and pour the molten metal in. Richard Brzezinski, Mariusz Mielczarek, Gerry Embleton. I wouldn't normally be so opinionated to the author, but casting has little to no room for mistakes while learning that doesn't leave scars or cripple. There are two kinds of Celtic sword. This page explains well how to use your flasks and cast in greensand (or any of the other materials). Get a face mask. Made from solid bronze. You're almost done: now, you need to get the thickness right. If you DID buy copper and tin, you want to alloy these in your crucible. 33. The pommel ring probably evolves by closing the earlier arc-shaped pommel hilt which evolves out of the antenna type around the 4th century BC.. Early Celtic Swords The ancient swords of the 'Barbarian' Celts (circa 700-600BC) were essentially variants of Bronze age swords, only longer and heavier. Read it and do it! So don't.). Congratulations! was used as the primary material for cutting edged tools and weapons. If they mark it up a few cents on the pound, that's fine. Celtic SWORD or DAGGER Reproduction with Human Body Shaped Bronze Hilt. Yes, you are ABSOLUTELY right! Question $45 . It is considered to be the only known Celtic oppidum in Eastern Bohemia. Or is that overkill? It first appears in c. the 13th century BC in Northern Italy (or a general Urnfieldbackground), and survived well into the Iron Age, with a life-span of about seven centuries, until the 6th century BC. Item Specification. This meant that they could still be bent out of shape during use. Eventually smiths learned that by adding an amount of carbon (added during smelting in the form of charcoal) to the iron, they could produce an improved alloy (now known as steel). Fantastic instructable! I recommend using a draw knife and later an upside-down belt sander to shave down the sides. If this receives any interest, I'll be happy to make another on making/riveting the handle, hardening and sharpening the blade, creating your own custom furnace like the one pictured in here, and anything else you guys would like! That being said, if anyone has trouble with this, please let me know in the comments and I will post the full measurements! Aluminum and Copper would be called Alminium Bronze. Take, for example, the Bronze Celtic Antennae Sword. The first was a single handed right to left diagonal cut, which bit into the tree branch to a depth of slightly over 1 and 1/2 inches. 2 years ago. This was more common on Insular examples than elsewhere; only a very few Continental examples are known. Move the wall over so that, when the board is placed on the wall with the width vertical, the blade is about 1/8" left of center. This is generally easier to do, but having the tin liquid for too long makes it absorb gasses from the air, which has the possibility of causing structural problems. DO NOT cut the outside pieces with the drawing on them all the way off. $93 . Material: bronze, 54SiCr6 steel Overall length:… : Have you ever wanted to paint yourself blue and run through the heather? Most things will be on ebay and tell you what material they're made of. 1,8 kg. MAEG Celtic Bronze Dagger Human Figure Sword Steel Celts Iron Age La Tene Anthropomorphic Warrior Ireland Scotland England Gaul Pagan. Wear rugged, closed-toed shoes, preferably heavy boots. 5 lbs is equal to about 2.3kg, 5kg is about 11lbs so yea a bit over kill, however you can do two separate pours or other mold pours like loss wax casting with bronze. These reports have puzzled some historians, since by that time the Celts had a centuries long tradition of iron workmanship. So you've gotten this far! --welding apron http://www.harborfreight.com/split-leather-welding... --a forge (Yeah, I know this one sounds like a doozy. It has a length of 61 cm with a blade of 43 cm and it weighs approx. Ships in 3-7 days . Legacy Arms Celt Iberian Falcata: $209.00: Back Ordered. 2 months ago. Leave yourself some space around the line: It's WAY easier to cut more off in a later stage than to add it. During its lifetime the basic design was maintained, although the material changed bronze. Spread of the village of the steel, but look up the sword itself is cast entirely bronze. 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